If plaque is not eliminated, it hardens into tartar, also called calculus. This yellow-brown substance increases in size, pushing the gums away from the teeth. Gums become puffy or swollen. They will also turn red or bright pink. They may bleed during brushing or flossing.
If this stage of gum disease is not addressed, it can progress into periodontitis. Without intervention, periodontal disease can cause bone loss. Teeth will eventually become loose and may fall out. Surgery may be required to eliminate the disease.
Poor oral hygiene is one of the most common causes of gum disease; however, it is not the only cause. There are many medications that can make the gums more susceptible to the bacteria that promote gingivitis. Some people are genetically predisposed to the disease, and there are medical conditions which can cause the problem. Females are prone to gingivitis during hormone fluctuations.
When gum disease is in the early stages, it may seem like a nuisance and you may be tempted to ignore it. However, there may be a correlation between gum disease and serious health issues such as heart disease, pregnancy problems, type 2 diabetes and stroke. Research is continuing in this area. However, keeping your gums healthy is always best for your oral health and general well-being.
At Southern Dental Group of Wynne, we help you keep your gums healthy. If you are experiencing redness or puffiness with your gums, make an appointment with us. Do not take a chance on exposing your teeth to the ravages of gum disease. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment for you or a family member.