Periodontal Therapy

When the gums become severely infected, mild gingivitis has given rise to periodontitis, or inflammation around the tooth. Periodontal therapy is now required to restore health to the gums and teeth. The type of periodontal therapy that will be used in treatment depends on the extent of the infection.

Getting advanced gum disease under control is not accomplished in one or two visits. The number of dental treatments you will need to eradicate the disease will be determined by the extent of the problem and the type of treatment your dentist recommends. In addition to office visits, you will need to maintain good oral hygiene at home by following the instructions of your dentist.

Gum Infection Treatment

The first step in treating periodontitis is to get the infection under control. This may require medication; in some cases where there is damage to the gums, it may also require surgery. Your dentist will determine the best treatment options for your situation.

Scaling and Root Planing

In addition to managing the infection, another major part of the process is to thoroughly clean the teeth, removing all the plaque and tartar. The amount of buildup and the sensitivity of your teeth will determine the length of time it will take to accomplish.

This phase of the treatment is called scaling and root planing. During scaling, the tartar is scraped off the tooth both above and below the gum line. This may take some time since tartar can be difficult to remove. Ultrasonic scalers may also be used to crush the tartar and remove it from the teeth. These devices create vibrations that shatter the tartar while at the same time flushing the area with cooling water.

After the tartar has been removed from the teeth, planers are used to smooth the roots of the teeth. The gums require a smooth surface to reattach. When this is accomplished, the healing process can begin.

If you think you or a family member may have periodontitis, contact Southern Dental Group today to schedule an appointment.

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